Cannabis sativa is a plant that has two well-known strains: marijuana and hemp plants. The marijuana plant has a high amount of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), a substance that has psychoactive properties and gets you high. In contrast, the hemp plant has less THC, but more CBD (cannabidiol), a substance that is similar to THC but has no psychoactive effects.
CBD belongs to the same group of compounds as THC, but it doesn’t get you high or alter your state of mind. It is the second most prevalent ingredient in the hemp plant and is currently under research for a wide range of potential health benefits.
How CBD works in the Body Your body has an endocannabinoid system, which in short means that it has receptors for cannabinoid compounds like CBD and THC. CBD and THC both interact with the body through the endocannabinoid system, a biological communication system that regulates a wide array of functions, like:
CBD and THC have chemical structures similar to the body’s own endocannabinoids, which allows them to interact with the endocannabinoid system’s cannabinoid receptors.
Scientists have only recently begun conducting detailed testing of how exactly CBD, THC and other cannabinoids illicit their beneficial affect on the human body. We are still waiting for conclusive scientific evidence on the exact effectiveness of CBD; however, the potential that this substance holds is incredible.
In this ultimate guide to CBD, we will discuss everything you need to know about the compound. Find out what its possible benefits are, about the different types of CBD oil that exist on the market, and what CBD product would best work for you. History of CBD Cannabis sativa is one of the oldest cultivated plants in existence. It originated in Central Asia and on the Indian subcontinent, where it was used by ancient civilizations (China, Japan, and Korea, mostly), for making clothes, shoes, ropes, and what would later become paper. No one knows exactly when the psychoactive effects of cannabis were discovered, but the famous ancient Greek philosopher Herodotus recorded its usage in ritual and for pleasure. Around 480 BC, he noted how Scythians would inhale hemp-seed smoke to induce a trance-like state.
The earliest restrictions on cannabis were already put in place in the 14th century in Arabia. Since then, the limitations of cannabis use only increased throughout the world. Napoleon also banned his soldiers from using cannabis after they came across it in Egypt and Syria. The history of CBD itself started in 1940, when this substance was first discovered. Its chemical structure was defined in 1963, and it is only now that we are learning more about all of its effects and potential benefits. Benefits of CBD In 2018, the Food and Drug Administration approved CBD for the treatment of two types of epilepsy: Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, which are treatment-resistant forms of epilepsy in children. Research is emerging and more comprehensive studies are needed, but science is getting there. Here’s just a smattering of the things scientists were able to demonstrate that CBD does:
Inhibited lung cancer invasion and metastasis (spread)
It helped participants sleep — even in people who typically suffer from insomnia.
Higher doses decreased anxiety during public speaking.
Decreased social anxiety by regulating the amygdala, a part of your brain that controls fear.
Substantially improved symptoms of schizophrenia.
Showed antioxidant activity. A test tube study showed that CBD protected neurons from inflammation and oxidative stress better than both vitamin C and vitamin E, and it prevented oxidative damage to DNA associated with colon cancer.
Showed potential as a neuroprotective. CBD decreased brain damage after stroke in rats.
Thanks to a large number of personal accounts from people who use CBD to improve their health condition, we know how prevalent CBD has become. It’s important to emphasize that CBD works differently from person to person. Not everyone will experience the same effects or enjoy the same benefits from taking CBD. Guide to CBD Oil It’s important to mark the distinction between CBD oil and hemp seed oil. The former is a concentrated form of CBD isolated for its potentially beneficial effects, while the latter is cooking oil. Hemp seed oil doesn’t contain CBD, THC, or any other cannabinoid. Instead, it is rich in vitamins, fiber, and omega-3 fatty acids that will have a good impact on your health, but without the medicinal cannabinoids. There are three primary forms of CBD oil used in CBD products:
● Full-spectrum CBD Full-spectrum CBD oil contains more than one cannabinoid. It is not only CBD, but also CBG, CBC, CBN, and trace amounts of THC. Aside from the cannabinoids, this type of CBD oil also comes with other ingredients, such as terpenoids, flavonoids, different vitamins, fatty acids, and fiber. The amount of THC in full-spectrum CBD is less than 0.3%. This isn’t enough to cause psychoactive effects. However, due to the entourage effect, you may feel subtle psychoactivity depending on how much was taken. The entourage effect happens when there is more than one cannabinoid in a product. When consumed together, cannabinoids mutually enhance each other’s effects. If you’re worried about consuming THC and would like to avoid it altogether, you should look into the next two types of CBD. ● Broad-spectrum CBD Broad spectrum oil is similar to the full-spectrum, only it doesn’t include any THC. You still get the same variety of cannabinoids and terpenes; and enjoy the full entourage effect, but without any trace amounts of THC. ● CBD isolate The third type of CBD oil is the CBD isolate. This is the most processed form of CBD – a CBD isolate product contains purely CBD and no other substances/cannabinoids. When you’re using CBD isolated from other cannabinoids, you don’t get the entourage effect, and the same level of medicinal benifit as broad or full spectrum oil.
Additional Things to Consider If you’ve decided to start using CBD, it's recommended to consult a medical professional about it, especially if you have an underlying chronic disease and are undergoing conventional therapy. After this you should consider whether you want a full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD oil.
Conclusion At the end of the day, if your health condition and current treatment permit, there’s no reason why you shouldn’t give CBD a go. Choosing your first CBD product shouldn’t be too hard: pick a CBD oil type and a means of intake that is most suitable for you and your way of life. If you find that a particular product doesn’t work for you, you can always either switch the oil type or the product itself. Take a look at our CBD products. They meet all the requirements we talked about in this post. Help yourself to what sounds good to you, and start enjoying this exciting new world of CBD!